Abstract

All the minerals examined came from the same locality, Mt. Howden, ten miles north of Bimbowrie, South Australia. The crystals are distinguished by large size, they shew the characteristic markings very distinctly, and some exhibit features which, so far as I know, have not hitherto been described. Chiastolite is a variety of andalusite, and is only distinguished from it by the constant occurrence of carbonaceous or clay-slate inclusions, disposed in the form of a cross. Andalusite and. chiastolite are characteristic of the metamorphic schists, and are usually found in the contact zones of clay slates, near granites, syenites, and diorites. The crystallographic system is orthorhombic, the forms, being very simple, usually shewing only (110) and (001). The pattern of the dark inclusions seen on a cross section varies considerably, even in different segments of the same crystal, but two chief types are apparent: (a) The crystal has a dark rhomb in the centre, the outlines of which are parallel with the crystal boundaries, and, from the angles of this rhomb, dark laminae pass to the prism angles of the crystal (macle tetragramme of Hauy); (b) further the angles of the prism may be occupied by four dark rhombs, corresponding in form with that in the centre (macle pentarhombique of Hauy.)

 
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Bibliographic Data

Short Form
Anderson, 1902, Rec. Aust. Mus. 4(7): 298–302
Author
C. Anderson
Year
1902
Title
On some specimens of Chiastolite from Bimbowrie, South Australia
Serial Title
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume
4
Issue
7
Start Page
298
End Page
302
DOI
10.3853/j.0067-1975.4.1902.1106
Language
English
Plates
plate xlvii
Date Published
25 August 1902
Cover Date
25 August 1902
ISSN
0067-1975
CODEN
RAUMAJ
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Digitized
13 November 2008
Available Online
05 March 2009
Reference Number
1106
EndNote
/Uploads/Journals/16761/1106.enw
Title Page
/Uploads/Journals/16761/1106.pdf
File size: 88kB
Complete Work
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