Abstract

The fossil avian assemblage from Amphitheatre Cave (6 km north of the township of Nelson, Victoria, Australia) consists of 27 species of birds. Three dominate the assemblage with 63% of the total minimum number of individuals (i.e., Gallinula mortierii, Dasyornis broadbenti and Dasyornis brachypterus). Most of the material originated from a pitfall accumulation, based upon the large percentage of individuals belonging to terrestrial species with elements lacking the damage characteristic of vertebrate accumulators. Geographic range extensions are noted for three species (i.e., Gallinula mortierii, D. brachypterus and Ptilonorhynchus violaceus). Assuming the assemblage is intra-contemporaneous, the reconstruction of vegetation at the time of deposition would include; wetlands with some areas of short cropped grass, bordered by wet heathland, which subsequently gave way to Eucalyptus open forest formation away from the water source and Eucalyptus tall open forest formation in the gullies. The age of the deposit (4,670 +/- 90 y.B.P.: NZA 700) is based upon a single radiocarbon date on bone.

 
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Bibliographic Data

Short Form
Baird, 1992, Rec. Aust. Mus. 44(1): 21–44
Author
Robert F. Baird
Year
1992
Title
Fossil avian assemblage of pitfall origin from Holocene sediments in Amphitheatre Cave (G-2), south-western Victoria, Australia
Serial Title
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume
44
Issue
1
Start Page
21
End Page
44
DOI
10.3853/j.0067-1975.44.1992.27
Language
English
Date Published
28 May 1992
Cover Date
28 May 1992
ISSN
0067-1975
CODEN
RAUMAJ
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Subjects
AVES; PALAEONTOLOGY
Digitized
25 February 2009
Available Online
09 March 2009
Reference Number
27
EndNote
/Uploads/Journals/17752/27.enw
Title Page
/Uploads/Journals/17752/27.pdf
File size: 90kB
Complete Work
/Uploads/Journals/17752/27_complete.pdf
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