Abstract

Twenty species and subspecies of garfishes are recognized from Australian and New Zealand waters: Arrhamphus s. sclerolepis, A. s. krefftii, Euleptorhamphus viridis, Hemiramphus far, He. robustus, Hyporhamphus r. regularis, Hy. r. ardelio, Hy. neglectus, Hy. australis, Hy. melanochir, Hy. ihi, Hy. quoyi, Hy. affinis, Hy. dussumieri, Rhynchorhamphus georgii, Zenarchopterus buffonis, Z. caudovittatus, Z. dispar, Z. gilli, and Z. rasori. Reporhamphus is considered a synonym of Hyporhamphus; Farhians and Ardeapiscis are considered synonyms of Hemiramphus; and Loligorhamphus a synonym of Rhynchorhamphus. Hemiramphus welsbyi is a synonym of He. robustus. The eastern river garfish (Hyporhamphus ardelio) is reduced to a subspecies of the western river garfish (Hy. regularis). The New South Wales-southern Queensland population of the snub-nosed garfish (Arrhamphus sclerolepis) is considered a subspecies (A. s. krefftii) of the northern A. s. sclerolepis. Eight species and subspecies are endemic to Australia and the single New Zealand species of garfish is endemic there. Australian populations of widespread species are compared with extra-limital populations. Geographic variation was found in Hy. quoyi and Hy. dussumieri. Tables of meristic and morphometric characters, drawings of 11 species of garfishes, synonymies, distribution maps, summaries of biology and parasites, catch statistics and a key are included

 
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Bibliographic Data

Short Form
Collette, 1974, Rec. Aust. Mus. 29(2): 11–105
Author
Bruce B. Collette
Year
1974
Title
The garfishes (Hemiramphidae) of Australia and New Zealand
Serial Title
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume
29
Issue
2
Start Page
11
End Page
105
DOI
10.3853/j.0067-1975.29.1974.231
Language
English
Date Published
12 March 1974
Cover Date
12 March 1974
ISSN
0067-1975
CODEN
RAUMAJ
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Subjects
FISHES; NEW ZEALAND; TAXONOMY
Digitized
03 March 2009
Available Online
09 March 2009
Reference Number
231
EndNote
/Uploads/Journals/17476/231.enw
Title Page
/Uploads/Journals/17476/231.pdf
File size: 69kB
Complete Work
/Uploads/Journals/17476/231_complete.pdf
File size: 7976kB