Five species of small cryptozoic skinks from the woodlands and forests of eastern Australia are diagnosed as a monophyletic group and given generic rank. The name Calyptotis De Vis 1886 is resurrected from the synonymy of Sphenomorphus for the genus. Four of the species are described as new and the one previously described species—C. scutirostrum W. Peters 1873—is reviewed. Information is provided on distribution, ecology and reproduction for each species. The interspecific and intergeneric relationships of Calyptotis are discussed. A key to the species is provided.