Xenocheira fasciata Haswell, 1879 is redescribed from the female type material collected from Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. An additional male and female specimen from recent collections made in New South Wales are also illustrated. New records of Xenocheira pirloti Moore, 1988 from tropical northern Australia are provided which include a growth series of male and female specimens. This development range indicates that the type specimens from Aru Islands in east Indonesia are immature individuals. The new species X. xandrothrix is described from a single male specimen collected in the Beagle Gulf, Northern Territory, Australia. An updated generic diagnosis for Xenocheira Haswell, 1879 is provided, along with a key to the five known species.