Abstract

The extant Australian fauna of the molluscan class Scaphopoda is reviewed. In total 108 species are recognized, of which 47 are new and 28 represent named species not previously recorded from the Australian region. Both scaphopod orders-Dentaliida and Gadilida-are well represented in the extant fauna, especially the Dentaliida with 79 species (59 in Dentaliidae alone). The following families and genera were noted, with the numbers of species in each genus indicated in brackets. Order Dentaliida-Dentaliidae, Dentalium s.st. (38 including 16 new) Dentalium (Lentigodentalium) (3 including 2 new), Dentalium (Pictodentalium) (1), Tesseracme (3 including 1 new), Fissidentalium (11 including 6 new), Graptacme (3 including 1 new); Fustiariidae, Fustiaria (2); Laevidentaliidae, Laevidentalium (13 including 5 new); Omniglyptidae, Omniglypta (2); Gadilinidae, Episiphon (4 including 2 new); Order Gadilida Entalinidae, Entalina (2 including 1 new), Bathoxiphus (4 including 2 new); Pulsellidae, Pulsellum (2 including 1 new), Compressidens (1); Gadilidae, Gadila (9 including 4 new), Cadulus (5 including 3 new), Dischides (2 including 1 new), Polyschides (3 including 2 new). The Omniglyptidae are recorded for the first time from Australia. Some previously named "species" are removed from the fauna (Tesseracme beachportensis Cotton & Ludbrook, probably a portion of a pennatulid rachis) or treated as unrecognizable (Dentalium weldianum Tenison-Woods, D. tasmaniensis Tenison-Woods). Full descriptions, comparisons and distribution maps are given for each valid species. In addition a series of keys are provided for the identification of Australian scaphopods from the level of order down to species. Reference is also made to the fossil scaphopods from Australia, although no attempt is made to review those species taxonomically. Laevidentalium largicrescens (Tate), formerly known only from Tertiary deposits is recorded as living in deep water from Bass Strait to southern Queensland.

 
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Bibliographic Data

Short Form
Lamprell and Healy, 1998, Rec. Aust. Mus., Suppl. 24: 1–189
Author
K. L. Lamprell; J. M. Healy
Year
1998
Title
A revision of the Scaphopoda from Australian waters
Serial Title
Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement
Volume
24
Start Page
1
End Page
189
DOI
10.3853/j.0812-7387.24.1998.1267
Language
English
Date Published
10 June 1998
Cover Date
10 June 1998
ISBN
ISBN 0-7313-8807-0
ISSN
0812-7387
CODEN
RAMSEZ
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Subjects
MOLLUSCA: SCAPHOPODA
Digitized
15 May 2009
Reference Number
1267
EndNote
/Uploads/Journals/17853/1267.enw
Title Page
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File size: 90kB
Complete Work
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