Abstract

The development of Lactarius lactarius larvae is described based on three relatively poorly preserved specimens, 6 to 23 mm SL. Aspects of adult external morphology and osteology relevant to assessing the relationships of this taxon are also described. Larvae are notable for their limited head spination, large swim bladder and unusual pigmentation. They otherwise resemble carangids. Lactarius possess numerous adult autapomorphies. Previous suggestions that Lactarius is a member of the Sciaenidae, Scombridae or Serranidae are rejected. The conventional placement of Lactarius near the carangoid fishes cannot be rejected. A number of larval and adult characters indicate that Lactarius and Mene are the second and first sister groups, respectively, of the carangoid fishes sensu Smith-Vaniz and Johnson. However, none of these characters are unequivocal, and the relationships of Lactarius remain uncertain pending availability of larvae of the carangoid Nematistius and more larvae of Lactarius.

 
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Bibliographic Data

Short Form
Leis, 1994, Rec. Aust. Mus. 46(2): 131–143
Author
Jeff M. Leis
Year
1994
Title
Larvae, adults and relationships of the monotypic perciform fish family Lactariidae
Serial Title
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume
46
Issue
2
Start Page
131
End Page
143
DOI
10.3853/j.0067-1975.46.1994.11
Language
English
Date Published
28 July 1994
Cover Date
28 July 1994
ISSN
0067-1975
CODEN
RAUMAJ
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Subjects
FISHES; ECOLOGY
Digitized
02 February 2009
Available Online
27 February 2009
Reference Number
11
EndNote
/Uploads/Journals/17811/11.enw
Title Page
/Uploads/Journals/17811/11.pdf
File size: 103kB
Complete Work
/Uploads/Journals/17811/11_complete.pdf
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