Abstract

The deep-water parapagurid hermit crab fauna from Australia is much more diverse then previously believed. The most recent information on parapagurids (De Saint Laurent, 1972) indicated the presence of three species and one subspecies in this region. The study of numerous unidentified or unreported parapagurid materials deposited in various Australian museums revealed the presence of at least 21 species. With the exception of three species of the genus Parapagurus Smith, 1879, all other parapagurids known from Australia are discussed. The heterogeneous genus Sympagurus Smith, 1883, is revised and restricted. Two new genera, Oncopagurus and Paragiopagurus, are proposed for a number of species previously assigned to Sympagurus. Four new species were discovered and are described, Sympagurus papposus, S. soela, S. villosus, and Oncopagurus cidaris. Of the previously recognised species, those found to be poorly described in the literature are diagnosed and illustrated. The Australian material is compared with types and/or supplemental material from other regions of the Pacific deposited in major museums or institutions. The affinities and important morphological variations of the species are discussed, and the overall distributions of the species updated. The subspecies of Sympagurus acutus (De Saint Laurent, 1972) are elevated to specific rank, and assigned to Paragiopagurus n.gen. The juvenile stages of S. brevipes (De Saint Laurent, 1972), an abundant species that reaches a large size, is described, and compared with the adults. Keys for the identification of all parapagurid genera and Australian species (except those of Parapagurus), are presented. The distribution of the species is summarised.

 
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Bibliographic Data

Short Form
Lemaitre, 1996, Rec. Aust. Mus. 48(2): 163–221
Author
R. Lemaitre
Year
1996
Title
Hermit crabs of the family Parapaguridae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura) from Australia: species of Strobopagurus Lemaitre, 1989, Sympagurus Smith, 1883, and two new genera
Serial Title
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume
48
Issue
2
Start Page
163
End Page
221
DOI
10.3853/j.0067-1975.48.1996.286
Language
English
Date Published
18 September 1996
Cover Date
18 September 1996
ISSN
0067-1975
CODEN
RAUMAJ
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Subjects
CRUSTACEA: DECAPODA
Digitized
23 March 2009
Available Online
01 April 2009
Reference Number
286
EndNote
/Uploads/Journals/16854/286.enw
Title Page
/Uploads/Journals/16854/286.pdf
File size: 45kB
Complete Work
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