Abstract

The subgenera Neurocytta McAlpine and Neurotexis McAlpine are raised to genera. A revised key to genera of recent Neurochaetidae and a key to species of Neurotexis are given. The new species Neurotexis maura, N. despiciens, N. termon, N. kaplanae, N. delphis, N. charis, N. primula, N. vesca, N. freidbergi and N. polyaster, all from Madagascar, are described. Neurocytta prisca (McAlpine) and Neurotexis stuckenbergi (McAlpine) are new combinations (from Neurochaeta). Additional morphological details are given for Neurocytta prisca. Morphology of the neurochaetid antenna is reviewed. Head-downwards cursorial behaviour is recorded for almost all known Afrotropical species. Apparent host plants recorded for 11 of these are Strelitzia and Ravenala (Zingiberales: Strelitziaceae) and Pandanus (Pandanales: Pandanaceae). Host plant records are superimposed on a revised cladogram of neurochaetid species in an attempt to trace out evolutionary changes in fly-plant associations. An early zingiberalean plant possibly provided the plesiotypic host plant association for Neurochaetidae, and there is evidence that such a plant may have been available to the early Tertiary neurochaetid Anthoclusia.

 
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Bibliographic Data

Short Form
McAlpine, 1993, Rec. Aust. Mus. 45(2): 221–239
Author
David K. McAlpine
Year
1993
Title
Review of the upside-down flies (Diptera: Neurochaetidae) of Madagascar and Africa, and evolution of neurochaetid host plant associations
Serial Title
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume
45
Issue
2
Start Page
221
End Page
239
DOI
10.3853/j.0067-1975.45.1993.21
Language
English
Date Published
30 July 1993
Cover Date
30 July 1993
ISSN
0067-1975
CODEN
RAUMAJ
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Subjects
INSECTA: DIPTERA; TAXONOMY
Digitized
05 February 2009
Reference Number
21
EndNote
/Uploads/Journals/16841/21.enw
Title Page
/Uploads/Journals/16841/21.pdf
File size: 98kB
Complete Work
/Uploads/Journals/16841/21_complete.pdf
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