Abstract

The morphology, relationships, and classification of the Tethinidae and Canacidae are considered, with special reference to the Zaleinae. Homologies of bristles near the vertex of the head are critically appraised, and the origin of the sclerite known as the prelabrum or anteclypeus is considered. The family Canacidae Jones, 1906 is classified into the following six subfamilies: Apetaeninae Mathis & Munari, 1996; Canacinae s.str.; Horaismopterinae Sabrosky, 1978; Pelomyiinae Foster, 1976; Tethininae Hendel, 1916; Zaleinae D. McAlpine, 1985. The family name Tethinidae thus becomes a new subjective synonym of Canacidae. The subfamily Nocticanacinae Mathis, 1982 becomes a tribe Nocticanacini n.stat. of Canacinae. Tethinosoma Malloch is transferred from the Tethininae to the Horaismopterinae. A key to subfamilies of Canacidae s.l. is given. A revised characterization of Zaleinae is given and its two genera and c. 16 species are keyed. Revised characterizations of Suffomyia Freidberg and Zalea D. McAlpine are given. The following new species are described: Suffomyia sabroskyi (Caroline Islands); Suffomyia ismayi (New Guinea); Zalea earlyi, Zalea johnsi, Zalea lithax, Zalea mathisi, Zalea ohauorae, Zalea uda, Zalea wisei (New Zealand); Zalea clava (Western Australia); Zalea dayi (New South Wales). Two doubtful species represented by inadequate material are assigned provisional numbers. Adults of these maritime flies were found on shoreline rocks or on stranded "seaweed". Parasitism of four Zalea spp. by laboulbenialean fungi is recorded. Collection techniques for zaleines are mentioned.

 
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Bibliographic Data

Short Form
McAlpine, 2007, Rec. Aust. Mus. 59(1): 27–64
Author
David K. McAlpine
Year
2007
Title
The surge flies (Diptera: Canacidae: Zaleinae) of Australasia and notes on tethinid-canacid morphology and relationships
Serial Title
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume
59
Issue
1
Start Page
27
End Page
64
DOI
10.3853/j.0067-1975.59.2007.1468
Language
English
Date Published
30 May 2007
Cover Date
30 May 2007
ISSN
0067-1975
CODEN
RAUMAJ
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Subjects
INSECTA: DIPTERA; TAXONOMY
Digitized
30 May 2007
Available Online
30 May 2007
Reference Number
1468
EndNote
/Uploads/Journals/18047/1468.enw
Title Page
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File size: 38kB
Complete Work
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