Abstract

In 1891 Lydekker (pp, 353-354) made known the existence of a fossil cassowary of the Pleistocene of New South Wales, Australia. His report was based on a cast presented to the British Museum by the Trustees of the Australian Museum, Sydney, New South Wales. The original specimen, which according to him was preserved in the "Museum at Sydney" we now know later appeared, unnumbered, among material in the Mining Museum at Sydney, About 20 years ago it was transferred to the Australian Museum and given the number MF 1268. The significance and identity of the specimen had been lost sight of over the years, and, in 1954, it was placed in the hands of Mr. Leslie F, Marcus, a representative of the Museum of Paleontology of the University of California, U.S.A., with the suggestion that it be studied. In 1960 I began checking the characteristics of this fossil, which consists of the distal end of the tibiotarsus. It seemed clearly to show the configuration of a cassowary rather than that of an emu, which latter has a less tapered proximal extension of the lateral condylar mass on the anterior surface. The question then arose of the distinctness of the from the specimen from the cassowary reported by Lydekker, the only fossil cassowary on record (Lambrecht, 1933: 111). In November of 1960 an opportunity was presented of taking this "unknown" fossil to London, where it was compared with the cast, A158, now with the additional number B10394. To my considerable surprise it proved to be the original of the cast. All minor imperfections of the original and details of blood-vessel channels corresponded perfectly; a section of the shaft, about 3 centimetres long on the anterior aspect, had apparently broken out and been lost since the time the cast was made...

 
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Bibliographic Data

Short Form
Miller, 1962, Rec. Aust. Mus. 25(10): 235–238
Author
A. H. Miller
Year
1962
Title
The history and significance of the fossil Casuarius lydekkeri
Serial Title
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume
25
Issue
10
Start Page
235
End Page
238
DOI
10.3853/j.0067-1975.25.1962.662
Language
English
Date Published
19 June 1962
Cover Date
19 June 1962
ISSN
0067-1975
CODEN
RAUMAJ
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Digitized
05 August 2009
Reference Number
662
EndNote
/Uploads/Journals/17417/662.enw
Title Page
/Uploads/Journals/17417/662.pdf
File size: 219kB
Complete Work
/Uploads/Journals/17417/662_complete.pdf
File size: 560kB