Abstract

The 25 Recent species and subspecies of the Xenophoridae are reviewed. Three sub genera are recognized within the only genus, Xenophora: Stellaria (with 5 species and 1 subspecies), Onustus (with 4 species), and Xenophora s.s. (with 13 species and 2 subspecies). A brief outline of the fossil history of the group and a general account of the anatomy and habits are given. A new species (X. granulosa sp. nov.) from the central Indo-Pacific and three new subspecies are described, one from the Hawaiian Islands (X. peroniana kondoi subsp. nov.), one from the Gulf of Aden (X. testigera profunda subsp. nov.), and one from the Kermadec Islands (X. neozelanica kermadecensis subsp. nov.). The fossil Xenophora known from Australia are reviewed and a new Upper Pliocene—Lower Pleistocene subspecies (X. flindersi ludbrookae subsp. nov.) and an unnamed Upper Cretaceous species are described.

 

The shell, and where known the radula, operculum and anatomy, are described for each species. The distribution and synonymy of each species is also given in detail. All of the species group names of fossil Xenophota are listed (Appendix, with J. Cooper).

 

Fossil species occurring outside Australia are not revised with the exception of a few which have relevance to the taxonomy of Recent species.

 

 
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Bibliographic Data

Short Form
Ponder, 1983, Aust. Mus. Mem. 17: 1–126
Author
Winston F. Ponder
Year
1983
Title
A revision of the Recent Xenophoridae of the world and of the Australian fossil species (Mollusca, Gastropoda)
Serial Title
Australian Museum Memoir
Volume
17
Start Page
1
End Page
126
DOI
10.3853/j.0067-1967.17.1983.393
Language
English
Plates
with appendix by W. F. Ponder and J. Cooper
Date Published
31 December 1983
Cover Date
31 December 1983
ISSN
0067-1967
CODEN
AUNMA5
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Subjects
MOLLUSCA: GASTROPODA
Digitized
04 February 2009
Available Online
04 March 2009
Reference Number
393
EndNote
/Uploads/Journals/17611/393.enw
Title Page
/Uploads/Journals/17611/393.pdf
File size: 83kB
Complete Work
/Uploads/Journals/17611/393_complete.pdf
File size: 19455kB