Abstract

Large collections of Syllidae (Polychaeta) from around Australia, housed at the Australian Museum (Sydney), have been examined and identified. Australian material from the Hamburgische Zoologische Museum der Universität, Hamburg, Germany was also examined. All known Australian species of the subfamily Eusyllinae (Syllidae) are described and figured. Some were examined using the Scanning Electron Microscope to illustrate characters and methods of reproduction in this subfamily. Keys to genera and species are given. A total of 53 species are reported from Australia belonging to 14 genera: Amblyosyllis Grube, 1857 (3 species); Anoplosyllis Claparède, 1868 (1 species); Astreptosyllis Kudenov & Dorsey, 1982 (2 species); Eusyllis Malmgren, 1867 (3 species); Nudisyllis Knox & Cameron, 1970 (1 species); Odontosyllis Claparède, 1863 (9 species); Opisthodonta Langerhans, 1879 (3 species); Paraehlersia San Martín, 2003 (2 species); Paraopisthosyllis Hartmann-Schröder, 1991 (4 species); Pionosyllis Malmgren, 1867 (15 species); Psammosyllis Westheide, 1990 (1 species); Streptodonta n.gen. (1 species); Streptosyllis Webster & Benedict, 1884 (3 species); and Syllides Örsted, 1845 (5 species). A total of 15 new species are described: Amblyosyllis enigmatica, A. multidenticulata, Odontosyllis marombibooral; Opisthodonta hanneloreae, Paraopisthosyllis alternocirra, P. ornaticirra, Syllides tam, Pionosyllis rousei, P. kalimna, P. yolandae, P. mariae, P. mayteae, P. ancori, P. koolalya, and P. heterochaetosa. A new name, Pionosyllis hartmannschroederae, is proposed for Typosyllis (Langerhansia) longisetosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1990 as this is junior homonym of Pionosyllis longisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965). Additionally, five species are new records for Australia: Odontosyllis gravelyi Fauvel, 1930; Opisthodonta morena Langerhans, 1879; Pionosyllis corallicola Ding & Westheide, 1997; Streptodonta pterochaeta (Southern, 1914) and Syllides japonicus Imajima, 1966. A discussion of the reproduction and systematics of the subfamily is given.

 
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Bibliographic Data

Short Form
San Martín and Hutchings, 2006, Rec. Aust. Mus. 58(3): 257–370
Author
Guillermo San Martín; Pat Hutchings
Year
2006
Title
Eusyllinae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and fifteen new species
Serial Title
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume
58
Issue
3
Start Page
257
End Page
370
DOI
10.3853/j.0067-1975.58.2006.1466
Language
English
Date Published
29 November 2006
Cover Date
29 November 2006
ISSN
0067-1975
CODEN
RAUMAJ
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Subjects
POLYCHAETA; TAXONOMY
Digitized
29 November 2006
Available Online
29 November 2006
Reference Number
1466
EndNote
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Title Page
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