Abstract

A recent discovery by Bruce Ross of Oceanic Coal Australia Ltd in the roof of the Borehole Seam, West Wallsend Colliery, is the first well documented evidence of a tetrapod fauna from the Permian of Australia. The Borehole Seam (Newcastle Coal Measures, Lambton Subgroup) lies immediately above the Waratah Sandstone which forms the base of the Newcastle Coal Measures and is most likely Kazanian in age. Preliminary study has shown that among the five tetrapod specimens recovered at least temnospondyl amphibians are represented. The only previous tetrapod body fossil from the Australian Permian is a temnospondyl amphibian, Bothriceps major, from Airly, to the northwest of Sydney. Tetrapod trace fossils have been known for some time in the southern part of the Sydney Basin where the Illawarra Coal Measures have yielded several sets of reptilian footprints. Tetrapods were therefore living to the north, west and south of the Sydney Basin in the Late Permian of Australia.

 
Download Complete Work

Bibliographic Data

Short Form
Warren, 1997, Rec. Aust. Mus. 49(1): 25–33
Author
Anne Warren
Year
1997
Title
A tetrapod fauna from the Permian of the Sydney Basin
Serial Title
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume
49
Issue
1
Start Page
25
End Page
33
DOI
10.3853/j.0067-1975.49.1997.297
Language
English
Date Published
04 July 1997
Cover Date
04 July 1997
ISSN
0067-1975
CODEN
RAUMAJ
Publisher
The Australian Museum
Place Published
Sydney, Australia
Subjects
PERMIAN; FOSSIL; AMPHIBIANS
Digitized
17 February 2009
Available Online
04 March 2009
Reference Number
297
EndNote
/Uploads/Journals/17836/297.enw
Title Page
/Uploads/Journals/17836/297.pdf
File size: 99kB
Complete Work
/Uploads/Journals/17836/297_complete.pdf
File size: 2250kB