A newly recognized sea anemone, Edwardsia meridionalis sp. nov., from McMurdo Sound, Antarctica is described and compared with other Edwardsia species. Its habitat and geographical distribution are described.
The generic name Edwardsia de Quatrefages, 1841 and the familial name Edwardsiidae Andres, 1881 are invalid. A summary of a proposal made to the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature to conserve these names is given.
The genus Edwardsia is defined and its known synonyms are given. A review of the published descriptions found of nominal Edwardsia species revealed many nomina nuda, nomina dubia, synonyms and homonyms. The remaining nomina clara comprize forty currently accepted nominal species, which are listed with their known synonyms and geographical distributions.